WHEREAS, in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, judicial power is vested in both the Federal Government and the Regions;
WHEREAS, it is found necessary to determine the jurisdiction of the Federal Courts on the basis of the Constitution;
NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55(1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows:
1. Short title
3) "Laws of the Federal government" includes all previous laws in force which are not inconsistent with the Constitution and relating to matters that fall within the competence of the Federal Government as specified in the Constitution.
4) "Federal Courts" means the Federal Supreme Court, the Federal High Court and the Federal First Instance Court;
5) "Person" means a natural or juridical person.
3) places specified in the Constitution or in Federal Laws.
3) offences against the law of nations;
4) offences against the fiscal and economic interests of the Federal Government;
5) offences regarding counterfeit currency;
6) offences regarding forgery of instruments of the Federal Government;
7) offences regarding the security and freedom of communication services operating within more than one Region or at the international level;
8) offences against the safety of aviation;
9) offences regarding foreign nationals;
10) offences regarding illicit trafficking of dangerous drugs;
11) offences falling under the jurisdiction of courts of different Regions or under the jurisdiction of both the Federal and Regional Courts as well as concurrent offences;
12) offences committed by officials and employees of the Federal Government in connection with their official responsibilities or duties.
3) cases regarding the liability of officials or employees of the Federal Government in connection with their official responsibilities or duties;
4) cases to which a foreign national is a party;
5) suits involving matters of nationality;
6) suits relating to business organizations registered or formed under the jurisdiction of Federal Government organs;
7) suits regarding negotiable instruments;
8) suits relating to patent, literary and artistic-ownership rights;
9) suits regarding insurance policy;
10) application for Habeas Corpus.
8. First Instance Jurisdiction of the Federal Supreme Court
2) without prejudice to international diplomatic law and custom, offences for which foreign ambassadors, consuls as well as representatives of international organizations and foreign states are held liable;
3) application for change of venue from one Federal High Court to another or to itself, in accordance with the law.
3) final decisions of the Regional Supreme Court rendered as a regular division or in its appellate jurisdiction.
11. First Instance Civil Jurisdiction of the Federal High Court
(c) application regarding the enforcement of foreign judgements or decisions;
(d) applications for change of venue from one Federal First Instance Court to another or to itself, in accordance with the law.
- The Federal First Instance Court shall have jurisdiction over the following criminal cases:
16. Powers and Duties of the President of the Federal Supreme Court
(c) prepare and submit to the House of Peoples' Representatives the work plan and budget of Federal Courts and implement same upon approval, forward his opinion on requests for budgetary subsidy to regional Courts exercising federal jurisdiction by delegation;
(d) cause the publication of the law journal of the Federal Supreme Court;
(e) cause the preparation of statements regarding the activities of Federal Courts and the submission of reports on the activities of regional courts concerning Federal cases, as supported by statistical data;
(f) facilitate conditions for the education and training of judges and other personnel;
(g) in consultation with Regional Courts, work out ways for improving the records management and general practices of Regional Courts as relating to federal cases heard thereat;
(h) submit, to the House of Peoples' Representatives, researched reports on the judicial activities of Federal Courts;
(i) cause the selection and publication of instructive judgements and decisions of the year;
(j) organize the public defence office;
(k) perform such other duties as may be entrusted to him by law.
2) administer personnel of the Court subject to directives to be given by the President of the Federal Supreme Court;
3) cause the preparation of statement, supported by statistical data, regarding the activities of the Court;
4) prepare and submit to the President of the Federal Supreme Court the work plan and budget of the Court and implement same upon approval;
5) cause the selection, and submission to the President of the Federal Supreme Court, of instructive judgements and decisions of the year;
6) submit to the President of the Federal Supreme Court periodic reports on the activities of the Court;
7) perform such other duties as may be entrusted to him by law.
19. Judges and Other Personnel of the Federal Supreme Court
(c) a Labour Division.
(c) cases referred to under article 10 of this Proclamation, where determined that they be heard in cassation.
3) The applicant shall together with his application submit a copy of the decision protested and of the decisions of lower courts.
4) An application for a hearing in cassation shall be made to the Federal Supreme Court within 90 days from the date on which the final decision protested is rendered.
(c) a Labour Division.
3) A Federal Court of any level may, where it finds it necessary for the efficient rendering of justice, hold circuit hearings in any place within the Region or area designated for its jurisdiction.
(c) he has previously acted in some capacity in connection with the case or the subject matter of the dispute;
(d) he has a case pending in court with one of the parties or the advocate thereof;
(e) there are sufficient reasons, other than those specified under sub-Article (1) (a) to (d) hereof, to conclude that injustice may be done.
3) Where the judge is sitting alone he shall, after considering the application, either withdraw or refer the matter for decision to another division of the same court or, where there is no other division, to the court in which appeal lies from the decision of his court.
4) Where the judge is sitting with other judges, he shall withdraw and the remaining judge or judges shall hear the application and give a decision thereon.
5) A decision given under sub-Articles (3) and (4) hereof shall be final and subject to no appeal.
6) A judge shall forth with comply with a decision given under this Article.
31. Plenum of the Federal Supreme Court
3) Judges not referred to under sub-Article (1) hereof and representatives of appropriate government offices, associations, organizations, law faculties, and scientific institutions or other individuals may be invited to participate in the Plenum without, however, having the right to vote.
3) to submit proposals to the House of Peoples' Representatives for the enactment of new laws or the amendment of existing ones;
4) to perform such other functions as help to make the judiciary efficient and strong; and
5) to issue regulations necessary for the proper carrying out of its duties.
3) The Plenum shall convene Once a year; additional meetings may be called as necessary.
4) Two-thirds of members of the Plenum shall constitute a quorum. Decisions shall be adopted by a majority vote; in case of a tie, the Chairman shall have a casting vote.
35. Decisions and Orders of Federal Courts