Criminal Sanctions in Ethiopian Agricultural laws-11

Proclamation No. 782-2013 seed proclamation


26. Offences and Penalties
1/ Any person  who:
a)  supplies  to  the  domestic  market  any seed  not  registered  and  quality controlled  in  accordance  with  this Proclamation,  or  which  does  not meet  the  applicable  Ethiopian  seed standards; or
b)  gives  anything  of value  to  cause  the commission  of  fraudulent  act  in  the course  of  production,  processing, marketing or quality control  of seeds;
shall  be  guilty  of  an  offence  and  be punishable  with  rigorous  imprisonment from  five  to  ten  years  and  with  a  fine from Birr 50,000 to  Birr  100,000.
2/ Any  person who:
a)  presents wrong  seed  sample  for testing;
b)  tampers  with  any  sample  taken under this  Proclamation;
c)  gives  false  information  in  making any  application  under  this  Proclamation;
d)  fails  to  observe  the  labeling provisions  under  Article  14  of this Proclamation; or
e)  alters,  defaces,  or  removes  any register,  certificate)  label,  or  other official  record  created  or  issued under this Proclamation;
shall  be  guilty  of  an  offence  and  be punishable  with  rigorous  imprisonment from  three  to  five  years  and  with  a  fine from Birr 30,000 to  Birr 50,000.
3/  Any  person who:
a)  refuses  to  cooperate  with  or obstructs  the  work  of  a  seed inspector  exercising  his  powers under this Proclamation:  or
b)  contravenes  other provisions  of this Proclamation;
shall  be  guilty  of  an  offence  and  be punishable  with  imprisonment  upto  one year  and  with  a  fine  from  Birr  5,000  to Birr  10,000.
4/  Any  official  or  personnel  of  the Ministry  or  a  regional  authority  who  in exchange  for  value  or  due  to  kinship  or other  personal  relationship,  causes  the registration  of a  variety  or  the  issuance of  a  certificate  or  import  or  export permit  while  the  requirements  provided under  this  Proclamation,  or  regulations or  directives  issued  hereunder  are  not met shall  be  guilty  of an  offence  and  be punishable  with  rigorous  imprisonment from  ten  to  fifteen  years  and  with  a  fine from  Birr 20,000 to  Birr 50,000.

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