Criminal Sanctions in Ethiopian Agricultural laws-10

Proclamation No. 728-2011 Veterinary Drug and Feed Administration and Control


26.   Penalty
1/  Unless  a  higher  penalty  is  prescribed  in  the Criminal Code any person who:
a)  impedes the work of an inspector assigned pursuant to Article 21 of this Proclamation shall  be  punishable  with  simple imprisonment  of  not  less  than  six  months and with a fine not exceeding Birr 10,000;
b)  transfers  the  certificate  of  competence  or professional  license  issued  to  him  to  any person  without  the  permission  of  the appropriate organ shall be punishable with simple  imprisonment  of  not  less  than  one year  and  not  exceeding  three  years  and with a fine not less than Birr 5,000  and not exceeding Birr 20,000.
2/  Any  veterinary  drug  or  feed  manufacturer, importer  or  wholesaler  who  sales  veterinary drugs or feed to a person without a certificate of competence  shall  be  punishable  with  simple imprisonment of not less than two years and not exceeding  five  years  and  with  a  fine  not  less than Birr 10,000 and not exceeding Birr 20,000.
3/  Any person, with the exception of small holder farmers  and pastoralists  who  sell  their  surplus, engages  in  veterinary  drugs  or  feed  trade without  a  certificate  of  competence  shall  be punishable  with  rigorous  imprisonment  of  not less  than  five  years  and  not  exceeding  seven years and with a fine not less than Birr 20,000 and not exceeding Birr 50,000.
4/  Any  veterinary  drug  or  feed  wholesaler  or retailer who purchases veterinary drugs or feed from  a  person  who  is  not  a  holder  of  a certificate  of  competence  shall  be  punishable with rigorous imprisonment of not less than two years and not exceeding 5 years and with a fine not less than Birr 10,000 and not exceeding Birr 20,000.
5/  Any  person  who  counterfeits  or  adulterates veterinary drug or feed or supplies substandard or expired drugs or feed to the market  shall be punishable  with  rigorous  imprisonment  of  not less  than  10  years  and  not  exceeding  20  years and with a fine of not less than Birr 20,000 and not exceeding Birr 50,000.
6/  Any  person  who  fails  to  comply  with  other provisions  of  this  Proclamation,  or  regulations or  directives  issued  hereunder  shall  be punishable  with  simple  imprisonment  of  not exceeding  two  years  and  with  a  fine  not exceeding Birr 10,000. 
7/  Any  employee  or  official  of  the  appropriate organ  who,  by  taking  bribes  or  through nepotism or other relationships, and in violation of this Proclamation or regulations or directives issued hereunder:
a)  issues  or  renews  or  causes  the  issuance  or renewal  of  a  certificate  of  competence  or professional  license  with  respect  to veterinary drug or feed trade; or
b)  authorizes or causes the authorization of the use of  veterinary  drug,  feed  or  feed  additives without  making  adequate  evaluation  of  its quality, safety and, where relevant, its efficacy; shall  be  punishable  with  rigorous  imprisonment  of not  less  than  10  years  and  not  exceeding  15  years and  with  a  fine  not  less  than  Birr  30,000  and  not exceeding Birr 50,000.
8/  The  penalty  provided  for  under  sub-article  (7) of  this  Article  shall  also  be  applicable  to  a person who has given the bribe.
9/  If a person who participated in the commission of  an  offence  provided  for  under  sub-article  (7)  of this  Article  gives,  before  the  case  is  submitted  to  a court  of  law,  adequate  information  on  the commission of the offence and the role of the major participants,  the  Ministry  of  Justice  or  the  Federal Ethics  and  Anti-Corruption  Commission  may exempt the person from prosecution.

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